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Attributing Images: essential elements
The following list will help you to attribute an image or visual media source for presentations, papers, or other formats that do not require a specific publication style.
Try to include the following elements in your attribution
- the creator of the work
- the title of the work
- the year(s) when it was composed/completed
- the materials involved in creating the work
- the institution that houses the work
- the date the image of the work was retrieved
- the website from which the image of the work was retrieved (include a hyperlink if the format allows).
Examples for some of the most common instances where attribution might be nessesary.
Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889 (oil paint on canvas). Retrieved 7.27.11: http://www.vangoghgallery.com/painting/starryindex.html
Science Library, UC Irvine by askpang, 2007 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
Featherbed Alley Printshop (2006) by Aodhdubh (CC BY-SA 3.0)
- Don't attribute an image to Google Images, look for attribution information on the page that actually hosts the image to provide the essential elements listed above
- The Creative Commons status of the image (and a link to the Creative Commons license page provided by the creator if the format allows) should be included.
- The rules above were created with the intention of providing basic citation information. There is no official set of rules for citing works found and/or composed on the internet
- Cosistency is important, bear in mind that the primary purpose of citing references is to help a reader/viewer find the original sources.
- Always do your best to credit the creator of a work and follow the licensing terms that they may have proposed